Millions of people suffer allergic reactions that are triggered when their immune systems overreact to certain substances. The substances are called allergens, and those allergens can range from pollen to common dust mites. Many people develop allergies during childhood, but the chronic condition may appear at any age. For many years, the majority of sufferers just learned to live with symptoms like sneezing, coughing, and wheezing. Today, they can visit specialists who identify the source of problems, create treatment plans, and work with patients to ensure symptoms are controlled.
Professionals Can Determine Allergy Causes
Although many sufferers have the same allergic symptoms, the causes of their conditions can vary widely. With that in mind, specialists begin treatments by identifying the substances that are triggering symptoms. Most use skin scratch or puncture tests that reveal the degree substances affect patients. Doctors often test for several allergens at one time. Within a short period, they can see positive or negative reactions, which allows them to diagnose patients accurately.
Doctors Offer a Range of Treatments
Once an allergy specialist reads the results of a test, they develop a custom treatment plan for the patient. Many patients need to avoid substances that trigger symptoms. Unfortunately, that is not always easy, since many allergens are parts of their everyday environments. For instance, pet dander and dust are everywhere. While patients may take steps to remove as many triggers as possible, most doctors also prescribe medicines like antihistamines that control symptoms. Patients with life-threatening conditions such as peanut sensitivity usually have to carry an EpiPen that provides a rescue shot in case of a reaction.
Patients Get Relief From Symptoms
In many cases, it is impossible to prevent exposure to all allergens, but doctors can help patients stop annoying symptoms like sneezing, itching, swelling, and runny noses. Many patients are miserable during allergy attacks and simply controlling symptoms can be life-changing. There are several effective medicines that relieve symptoms, and doctors will prescribe the safest product that provides relief. Most medications are covered by insurance.
An allergic reaction happens when a person’s autoimmune system triggers a series of uncomfortable symptoms. Reactions can include sneezing, itching, and swelling. Fortunately, specialists can identify the substances that cause each patient’s reactions and then prescribe treatments to make them more comfortable.